Moving India’s railways into the future

Moving India’s railways into the future

Laying Tracks
Progress is being made on the largest railway project in India's modern history – the Dedicated Freight Corridor Program. 
View the 3D presentation here
Thump…thump…thump...like a slow rhythmic drum, concrete ties that hold the track in place are laid down one after another with the latest machinery as rails are placed precisely on top of them.

It’s nearing sunset near the town of Hathras in India’s state of Uttar Pradesh, home to 220 million people—more than the entire population of Brazil.

Progress is being made on the largest railway project in India’s modern history that will increase prosperity by helping move people and goods more safely, effectively, and in an environmentally-friendly way.
India’s Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) program is building dedicated freight-only railway lines along highly congested transport corridors connecting the industrial heartland in the north to the ports of Kolkata and Mumbai on the eastern and western coasts.
India Trains
Passengers and freight trains currently share tracks in India which can cause congestion and delays. The project will help increase the speed of freight rail to up to 100km/h from the current 25km/h average. 

Through these efforts, DFC is expected to improve transport and trade logistics – bringing much needed jobs, connectivity, and urbanization opportunities to some of India’s poorest provinces – including Bihar and Uttar Pradesh while helping protect the environment. The electric locomotives will help ease India’s energy security issues and escalating concerns about traffic accidents, congestion, carbon emissions, and pollution created by road traffic. 

Near Hathras and simultaneously in different sites in the country, workers equipped with modern equipment and techniques efficiently lay 1.5 km of new track per day in different weather conditions. Once completed, electric cables are stretched above and signaling is installed, all in preparation for the electric locomotives reliably to carry their cargo across the country at maximum speed of 100km/h, compared to an average current speed of 25 km/h.

Adding electrical wiring
Workers are stretching electric wires above recently laid tracks – to soon allow for reliable and environmentally friendly movement of goods and freight.
DFC will also free up current railway lines, many that have been in existence for over 100 years, to be able to carry more passenger traffic at potentially higher speeds to meet rising demands for quality and comfort. This need became more apparent while I stood on the new DFC tracks; like clockwork, trains on the existing parallel track would ring their whistles and zoom by every 6 minutes at different speeds, with the slower trains having to make way for faster ones at stations, which can delay the system. It will also reduce the need for freight to be carried on India’s roads, which will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve road safety. 

Of the two corridors currently under construction and expected to be completed within the next two years, the World Bank is supporting the Eastern Corridor with $2.36 billion in support through a series of three projects covering 1,200 kilometers. The 343km-long line I visited between Bhaupur to Khurja is expected to be completed within the next year, as a segment of a larger project connecting Ludhiana to Dankuni, near Kolkata expected to be completed in 2020.
 
Advanced technology
The project has been designed and being implemented with advanced technologies such as this automatic signaling station which helps conductors automatically monitor their position in relation with other trains.
In addition to financing and technical support, the Bank is working with the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd (DFCCIL) - created to implement the project - with research and development, long-term commercial and marketing planning, approaches to non-discriminatory access, track safety, locomotive and wagon specifications, pilot projects on energy optimization and freight logistics, and skills enhancement.

Through DFC and other projects on the horizon such as high-speed rail, Indian railways are truly taking major steps to emerge as a world class operator in the 21st century. 

View the 3D presentation here