Disasters caused by natural hazards push the near poor to below the poverty line and contribute to more persistent and severe poverty, creating poverty traps. As they own very few assets, these impacts to their livelihood push them further down the poverty line - making it is very difficult for them to break this cycle.
Because the poor are caught up in this vicious “disaster-poverty cycle” they are more likely to reside in hazardous locations and in substandard housing - exposing them even more to the impacts from disasters. In the aftermath of a disaster, these families try to cope by making choices that are harmful in the long term –spending less on food, health and education, or putting their children to work.
About this series
More blog posts
In advance of the Global Disability Summit, and drawing on a recent report titled “Disability Inclusion in Disaster Risk Management” from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and the Recovery (GFDRR) and the World Bank, here are five actions that development institutions, governments, and other key stakeholders can take to ensure that persons with disabilities are not left behind in the aftermath of a disaster.
In a Bank project in India, inclusive post disaster strategies have been adopted with focus on vulnerable groups, including women, tribal population, migrant workers, old age population, etc. Taking into account the culture and context, initiatives have been implemented for vulnerable groups as per their needs and priorities.
- Owner Driven Construction houses in UDRP in Uttarakhand Disaster Risk Project - Special attention was given to women’s inclusion and participation in housing construction activities.
- Fish Kiosk Entrepreneurs in Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction project (CDRRP) in Tamil Nadu- The initiative is directed at widows of fishermen.
- Seaweed Farming for women in Tamil Nadu.
- WB supported TN to strengthen social program for the coastal people
- Women in the coastal area were trained to cultivate seaweeds and were encouraged to form Self Help Groups (SHGs).
- They were taught to manage the value chain and were provided with saplings