To Fight Climate Change, First You Need to Measure It

To Fight Climate Change, First You Need to Measure It

The aim is to determine the relative concentration of different methane molecules and gain a better understanding of where the pollutants are coming from, explains Emmal Safi, a higher research scientist at NPL.Boreas is one of dozens of unique pieces of equipment measuring pollutants at NPL.

Can Toads Heal Themselves of Deadly Chytrid Fungus?

Can Toads Heal Themselves of Deadly Chytrid Fungus?

Sitting in the Sun. Like most researchers, Barille, a University of Wyoming PhD student, started his project with a question: Why were boreal toad populations in the western portion of Wyoming persisting with chytrid but populations of the same species were crashing in other areas?

We Know Exactly How to Stop Wildfires—With Money

We Know Exactly How to Stop Wildfires—With Money

Except if you don’t reduce the number of trees, and if you then also try to put out every fire, and allow runaway climate change to make droughts and heat waves worse … the boreal forests of North America will continue to literally go up in smoke, erasing the landscape and spewing climate-changing carbon into the atmosphere.Everyone pretty much agrees on how to deal with our new Burning World: Stop trying to suppress fire and start managing that land to restore a more natural (less intense) fire regime.

Modeling forests' future – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

Modeling forests' future – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

The megafires paper is one of two recently released studies based on data from NASA’s Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment, or ABoVE, that will help scientists better understand and predict both short- and long-term changes in the ecosystems of Alaska and Northern Canada.

Arctic carbon cycle is speeding up – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

Arctic carbon cycle is speeding up – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

A new NASA-led study using data from the Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) shows that carbon in Alaska's North Slope tundra ecosystems spends about 13 percent less time locked in frozen soil than it did 40 years ago.

Unexpected future boost of methane possible from Arctic permafrost – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

Unexpected future boost of methane possible from Arctic permafrost – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

"The mechanism of abrupt thaw and thermokarst lake formation matters a lot for the permafrost-carbon feedback this century," said first author Katey Walter Anthony at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, who led the project that was part of NASA’s Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE), a ten-year program to understand climate change effects on the Arctic.