“Ornithologists and conservationists assume birds provide ecological services, and that farmers want them on their farms,” says Olivia Smith, lead author of the paper.
But before putting any taxpayer money on this train, consider some inconvenient truths: First, the carbon farming practices being promoted as something new have all been in use for decades, and all were originally adopted for reasons unrelated to climate change.
The paper, written by Dr Stenton-Dozey along with NIWA scientist Jeffrey Ren, Phil Heath, formerly of NIWA, and Leo Zamora from the Cawthron Institute and published in the New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, had its origins in a four-year NIWA research programme into IMTA around salmon farms in the Marlborough Sounds.
Ooblets’ world is a welcome one, where the player is free to farm, amass tiny Ooblet creatures, accomplish silly quests and drink beanjuice.The Pokémon-like creatures range in concept from “grumpy beetle” to “small yeti” and “long-legged mushroom.” They trail behind your character and fight, too—in dance battles.
“One of the things I was also blown away by was the amount of data and tech that is already in what is the oldest industry,” Nadella said when asked why his company pursued the partnership.
So the Komineks found a compromise: a solar array with plants growing beneath, between, and around rows of photovoltaic panels.In the United States, less than 5 megawatts’ worth of solar arrays have crops planted beneath them, according to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, or NREL.
They remained a staple of life in the region through the Bronze Age and into the Iron Age. At first, some archaeologists suggested that the spouted vessels might have been used to feed sick or disabled adults—and there was no way to be certain that the vessels (even the cute animal-shaped ones) were for infants.
Instead, it emphasized locally relevant ways for farmers to access, use , and manage water resources in ways which provide more stable revenue streams from sustainable agricultural production. This more diverse set of water sources mobilizes farmer and community-level investment in irrigation equipment and power sources that enhance productivity.
NIWA’s Chief Scientist, Climate, Atmosphere and Hazards, Dr Sam Dean says that by making sound choices now, and in the future, farmers can adapt, increase resilience, and reduce risks and costs for themselves and future owners of their farms.
“Water management on rice farms needs to be calibrated to balance water use concerns with the climate impacts of both methane and nitrous oxide emissions.” “We now know nitrous oxide emissions from rice farming can be large and impactful,” said Richie Ahuja, a co-author of this study.