Why Was the Tonga Eruption So Massive? Scientists Have New Clues

Why Was the Tonga Eruption So Massive? Scientists Have New Clues

A team of scientists from New Zealand’s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, or NIWA, recently observed something different.The slopes of the underwater volcano are still largely as they were before the eruption; the same features still contour the surrounding seafloor.

The Epic Siberian Journey to Solve a Mass Extinction Mystery

The Epic Siberian Journey to Solve a Mass Extinction Mystery

“I really wanted to find this place that was rumored where there were a lot of rocks that result from explosive volcanic eruptions,” Elkins-Tanton says, “because that's the only way that we know of that you can effectively drive chemicals into the upper atmosphere where they'll get spun around the whole planet.” She was closing in on the geological signals of apocalyptic climate change.

Why Volcanologists Didn't Predict New Zealand's Deadly Eruption

Why Volcanologists Didn't Predict New Zealand's Deadly Eruption

On Monday, at 2:11 pm local time, New Zealand’s White Island volcano unexpectedly erupted, blasting a superheated plume of ash, sulfur gas, and steam 12,000 feet in the air and blanketing the crater’s floor in powdered rock and debris.