In the snow: new tool to advise New Zealanders of snow conditions

In the snow: new tool to advise New Zealanders of snow conditions

NIWA’s Snow and Ice Network (SIN) provides information on snowfall, depth of snowpack, snow melt and climate for ten alpine sites across New Zealand, including Mueller Hut above Mount Cook Village.

Let’s Get Our Shit Together—Literally

Let’s Get Our Shit Together—Literally

According to its 2020 annual report, in that year the company shipped 3,445 fecal microbiota transplantation treatments to more than 1,250 hospitals and clinics across the US.Animal poops are similarly prized by scientists as a window into an animal’s identity, diet, movements, stress state, sex, maturity, reproduction, habits, predator–prey relationships, overall health, pollution exposure, parasites, and microbiome.

‘Flash Droughts’ Are the Midwest’s Next Big Climate Threat

‘Flash Droughts’ Are the Midwest’s Next Big Climate Threat

Fast-moving droughts like this one are developing more and more quickly as climate change pushes temperatures to new extremes, recent research indicates—adding a new threat to the dangers of pests, flooding, and more long-term drought that farmers in the US already face.

The Wetlands Are Drowning

The Wetlands Are Drowning

“We often call them ecosystem engineers,” says Pat Megonigal, an ecologist who directs the Smithsonian’s Global Change Research Wetland and studies the plants.For a long while, wetland researchers have wondered whether that skill could help the plants build their way out of climate change.

Carbon-Rich Peat Is Disappearing. But Is It Also Growing?

Carbon-Rich Peat Is Disappearing. But Is It Also Growing?

Yet the Arctic is warming up to four times as fast as the rest of the planet, making permafrost thaw so rapidly that it’s gouging holes across the landscape , releasing carbon.

Spring Flowers Are Blooming Earlier in Greater Yellowstone

Spring Flowers Are Blooming Earlier in Greater Yellowstone

But climate change is knocking the timing of flowering and fruiting out of whack for many plants in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem according to a new study authored by scientists at The Nature Conservancy (TNC) in Wyoming.

A Powerful ISS Instrument Will Hunt for Minerals in Dusty Lands

A Powerful ISS Instrument Will Hunt for Minerals in Dusty Lands

“Nobody wants to go to the middle of the desert to figure out what soils are.” So Mahowald has been collaborating with NASA on the Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation mission, or EMIT, which launches to the International Space Station next month.

It’s Not Too Late to Stop Mass Extinction in the Ocean

It’s Not Too Late to Stop Mass Extinction in the Ocean

Temperatures around the tropics shot up by 10 degrees Celsius and deep-sea currents slowed down, which starved the oceans of oxygen.In the other scenario, lower emissions keep temperature increases to just under 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.

'Vampire Energy' Is Sucking the Life Out of Our Planet

'Vampire Energy' Is Sucking the Life Out of Our Planet

Studies from the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) have found that more than 100 billion kilowatt-hours are wasted every year because of vampire energy, “costing American consumers over $19 billion—about $165 per US household on average—and 50 large (500-megawatt) power plants’ worth of electricity.”.

A Bold Idea to Stall the Climate Crisis—by Building Better Trees

A Bold Idea to Stall the Climate Crisis—by Building Better Trees

Of all the potential fixes for the climate crisis, none has captured hearts and minds quite like tree planting.If newly planted forests aren’t properly cared for and monitored, the trees can die and any carbon they stored will be released back into the atmosphere.

Risks to Ukraine’s Nuclear Power Plants Are Small—but Not Zero

Risks to Ukraine’s Nuclear Power Plants Are Small—but Not Zero

“That’s certainly something I think the Russians would make an effort to avoid doing, not only because they don’t want to contaminate the country they’re trying to occupy—but, also, Ukraine needs electricity from those plants,” says Ed Lyman, senior global security scientist at the Union of Concerned Scientists and coauthor of the book Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster.

Humanity Has Turned Land Itself Into a Menace

Humanity Has Turned Land Itself Into a Menace

As the Arctic warms four times as fast as the rest of the planet, permafrost is thawing at an alarming rate, dragging down whatever’s at the surface or buckling anything that’s buried—roads, railways, pipelines, sewers, electrical transmission lines.

Earth’s Oceanography Helps Demystify Jupiter’s Flowing Cyclones

Earth’s Oceanography Helps Demystify Jupiter’s Flowing Cyclones

Lia Siegelman had just been studying the swirling waters of the Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica, when she happened to come across a poster image of cyclones around Jupiter’s north pole, taken by NASA’s Juno spacecraft .

Wildfires Are Digging Carbon-Spewing Holes in the Arctic

Wildfires Are Digging Carbon-Spewing Holes in the Arctic

In the past 70 years, wildfires have burned 3 percent of the landscape but are responsible for 10 percent of thermokarst formation.

The Quest to Trap Carbon in Stone—and Beat Climate Change

The Quest to Trap Carbon in Stone—and Beat Climate Change

“Thirty years down the road, this can be one of the largest industries on the planet,” enthused Gebald (slightly broader, curly brown hair).A nearby geothermal plant provides clean power to Climeworks' carbon capture facility.

The Biodiversity Crisis Needs Its Net Zero Moment

The Biodiversity Crisis Needs Its Net Zero Moment

These targets will be debated and finalized at a second meeting due to take place in Kunming, China, in April 2022.The last time the parties of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity got together to set a global biodiversity agenda was in Japan in 2010, where they came up with the Aichi targets, a set of 20 goals aimed at reducing a range of environmental harms including habitat loss, overfishing, and pollution over the subsequent decade.

Climate Change May Make Hurricanes Hit Sooner and Last Longer

Climate Change May Make Hurricanes Hit Sooner and Last Longer

In a study published in November in the journal Earth’s Future, a team from three universities examined storm tracking data from the past 100 years and used it in a global climate model that takes into account changes in environmental conditions caused by heat-trapping greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane.

David Attenborough’s Unending Mission to Save Our Planet

David Attenborough’s Unending Mission to Save Our Planet

And right now, in the year of COP26, The Green Planet hopes to do for plants what Attenborough has done for oceans and animals … create understanding and encourage us to care.

Think Climate Change Is Messy? Wait Until Geoengineering

Think Climate Change Is Messy? Wait Until Geoengineering

This is the idea behind a solar geoengineering technique known as stratospheric aerosol injection, only instead of a pigment, engineers would spray a sulfate that bounces some of the sun’s radiation back into space, an attempt at cooling the planet.

Humans Have Broken a Fundamental Law of the Ocean

Humans Have Broken a Fundamental Law of the Ocean

To find out, Sheldon and his colleagues hauled buckets of seawater up to the Hudson’s laboratory and used a plankton-counting machine to total up the size and number of creatures they found.

This Intrepid Robot Is the WALL-E of the Deep Sea

This Intrepid Robot Is the WALL-E of the Deep Sea

“The rover helps us understand how much of that carbon might actually make its way into the sediments in the deep sea,” says MBARI marine biologist Crissy Huffard, who coauthored the new paper.

Growing Crops Under Solar Panels? Now There’s a Bright Idea

Growing Crops Under Solar Panels? Now There’s a Bright Idea

Khanna will be studying what the ideal solar array might be for a particular crop, for instance, if it needs bigger or smaller gaps between panels to let sunlight pass through.

This Software Aims to Make Your Flight Smoother—and Help the Planet

This Software Aims to Make Your Flight Smoother—and Help the Planet

That’s because airplane engines are designed to operate in the air, says Hamsa Balakrishnan, a professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT who studies airport operations.As a result, “there’s a lot of inefficiency that gets built in,” says Balakrishnan, the MIT professor.

Drones May Help Replant Forests—If Enough Seeds Take Root

Drones May Help Replant Forests—If Enough Seeds Take Root

To help restore fire-ravaged forests and temper the effects of climate change, a handful of young companies want to scatter seeds from drones.

Could the Moon Actually Crash Toward Earth?

Could the Moon Actually Crash Toward Earth?

There's a trailer out for a new science fiction film called Moonfall, to be released in early 2022, in which the moon is about to crash into Earth.A gravitational force pulls Earth and the moon toward each other.

A Mathematician's Guided Tour Through Higher Dimensions

A Mathematician's Guided Tour Through Higher Dimensions

When we sweep the segment in a perpendicular direction, we obtain a square.Likewise, we obtain a tesseract by sweeping the cube in a fourth direction.By sweeping the blue shapes through to the purple ones, we can visualize cubes of various dimensions, including a tesseract.

‘Neurograins’ Could be the Next Brain-Computer Interfaces

‘Neurograins’ Could be the Next Brain-Computer Interfaces

“Typically, the smaller you make something, the less likely it is to be detected by the immune system as a foreign object,” says Solzbacher, who wasn’t involved in the Brown study.

Radioactive Rat Snakes Could Help Monitor Fukushima Fallout

Radioactive Rat Snakes Could Help Monitor Fukushima Fallout

Gerke’s recent study suggests that rat snakes may be useful bioindicators of radioactive contamination in nuclear disaster zones.

Why Florida’s Covid Surge Is Screwing With the Water Supply (Hint: Oxygen)

Why Florida’s Covid Surge Is Screwing With the Water Supply (Hint: Oxygen)

Just over half of Florida’s total population is fully vaccinated.“What we know is that the lack of liquid oxygen is due to a driver shortage and the need for available supplies to be diverted to local hospitals due to the Covid-19 pandemic,” says Brandon Moore, spokesperson for Tampa Bay Water.

Want to Slash Carbon Emissions? Start With These Power Plants

Want to Slash Carbon Emissions? Start With These Power Plants

If we had a global inventory of emissions and production from every power plant, we could use that data to identify the worst offenders and make a target list for efficiently lowering our carbon output.