In 2018, the International Panel on Climate Change reported that 1.5 degrees Celsius of global warming would cause global coral reefs to decline by 70 to 90 percent (warming currently stands at 1.2 Celsius).
© Steve Schill for As TNC’s lead scientist in the Caribbean, Dr. Steve Schill often works from a boat, collecting underwater data that are used to document the condition of coral reefs and other marine habitats.
Scientists mapping the Hauraki Gulf seafloor have discovered huge colonies of tubeworms up to 1.5 metres high and collectively covering hundreds of metres providing vital habitats for plants and animals.
Stoeckle has been working with New Jersey state biologists to conduct DNA-based counts of commercial fish species by dropping one-liter bottles into the ocean at various depths and sampling the water inside.
At age 22, in 1994, he learned to dive, then became an instructor so he could do it all the time—eventually plunging in waters as far as the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, and the South China Sea. Those countless hours spent underwater, just for the love of it, now inform his approach as a photographer.
Published in Coral Reefs , this research evaluates the effectiveness of locally-managed marine protected areas (MPAs) in Roviana Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Community-based management fails to halt declines of bumphead parrotfish and humphead wrasse in Roviana Lagoon, Solomon Islands.
“But we could use aquaculture to replace some of those water filtration benefits, and at the same time grow food.” In places where excess nutrients are a problem, like the Chesapeake Bay, shellfish aquaculture could even help offset the negative environmental impacts of other industries.
“Now we realize these are all caused by CO2 pollution,” says Dr. David Vaughan who directs coral-reef restoration for the Mote Tropical Research Laboratory at Summerland Key, Florida. Microfragmented Orbicella annularis, or boulder star corals, growing in nursery Photo © Dave Vaughan / Mote Tropical Research Laboratory
Despite spending a year helping to restore staghorn coral in the Florida Keys, this was the first time my snorkeling partner, Christina, from Coral Restoration Foundation had seen a huge staghorn colony in the wild.
The Great Barrier Reef harbours extensive areas of deep coral reefs which are much more difficult to study and were previously considered a refuge from higher water temperatures near the surface.
Geology Is Like Augmented Reality for the PlanetYou don't need a headset to see layers of meaning in Earth's landscapes and rock formations.Edmon de HaroIt’s an abnormally hot day in September and I’m standing in a cattail marsh in eastern Wisconsin, trying to change the way my students view the world.
And two of these factors — water depth and structural complexity — are easily and cheaply identifiable by somebody managing a reef. This paper gives reef managers an easily measurable tool that can be used to predict recovery and resilience.
If you work in reef conservation, it’s hard to miss the stories of coral bleaching. Why is Sewage Pollution a Significant Threat to Coral Reefs? The last thing we should be doing is giving up on coral reefs.
The other piece of climate change that is just beginning to affect coral reefs is ocean acidification. Warm water coral reefs and climate change.
It was the kind of surreal conversation about coral reefs, parrotfish, climate change and, well, zombies that could probably only happen in a place like Key West.
The big takeaway: The countries with the most to gain — in terms of risk reduction — from reef conservation and restoration of their coral reefs are Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Mexico, and Cuba, where annual expected flood savings exceed $400M for each nation.