To understand these sightings, the forecasting team contacted their colleagues at the Lauder Atmospheric Research Station in Central Otago, who confirmed that their ground-based LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) instrument has been detecting unusual spikes in aerosols in the stratosphere, at around 20-25 kilometres above New Zealand.
Averaging temperature measurements over the entire world helps scientists ignore the random vicissitudes of weather when determining the overall trajectory of climate change.“No human, no ecosystem on Earth, will ever experience the global mean temperature,” Swain says.
The agency’s newly released report highlights five areas of focus, including planning for climate risks as new missions move forward, adapting infrastructure as much as possible, and ensuring access to space, which could be disrupted if, say, a flooded road delayed the delivery of rocket fuel to a launchpad.
Dr Turner determined that using NIWA’s in-house, high resolution weather model, known as the NZCSM – New Zealand Convective Scale Model – could result in a fairer comparison across all golf courses.NZCSM mean wind speeds from the past four years were applied to the ratings calculation of almost 400 golf courses across the country.
The rover’s cameras imagine colors beyond the ones that human eyes and brains can come up with.“If there are sedimentary rocks on Mars that preserve evidence of any ancient biosphere, this is where we’re going to find them,” says Jim Bell, a planetary scientist at Arizona State University and the principal investigator on one of the rover’s sets of eyes.
It meant that early-stage embryos might have unique repair mechanisms other cells don’t that could be harnessed for gene editing.Last year, a Russian scientist made public his plans to use Crispr to help deaf parents have children who won’t inherit a gene mutation that causes hearing impairment.
“From the start, we knew almost any structure would attract lionfish,” says Steve Gittings, NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries chief scientist.Attracting, and trapping, a fish as invasive as lionfish requires intense effort.
So in 2013, a group of utilities, academics, and environmental organizations came together to form the Avian Solar Working Group to develop strategies to mitigate avian deaths at solar facilities around the US.“There was very little research about the impacts of solar on birds,” says Misti Sporer, the lead environmental scientist at Duke Energy, an electric utility in North Carolina, and member of the working group.
According to a new nationwide survey, conducted by a consortium of researchers at Rutgers, Northeastern, Northwestern, and Harvard universities, most people are not getting results within the 24- to 48-hour window recommended by public health experts to aid effective contact tracing.
The paper, written by Dr Stenton-Dozey along with NIWA scientist Jeffrey Ren, Phil Heath, formerly of NIWA, and Leo Zamora from the Cawthron Institute and published in the New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, had its origins in a four-year NIWA research programme into IMTA around salmon farms in the Marlborough Sounds.
“The federal government doesn’t really keep track of a lot of this equipment that goes to local law enforcement agencies,” says Anna Gunderson, a political scientist at Louisiana State University who coauthored a 2019 study that examined the effects of the 1033 program on crime rates.
For decades, scientists have turned to the Labrador Sea to understand how ocean processes there may be affecting the strength of a massive oceanic conveyor belt known as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.
Previously, planetary scientists had assumed that Saturn’s rings were as old as the solar system itself—about 4.5 billion years old.“Every new exciting result gets challenged,” said Burkhard Militzer, a planetary scientist at the University of California, Berkeley and a co-author of the Science paper.
Eight months after a rogue Chinese scientist revealed he had secretly created the world’s first gene-edited children , the World Health Organization is asking countries to put a stop to any experiments that would lead to the births of more gene-edited humans.
Despite this, scientific failure is rarely talked about openly, which was why when University of Arizona astrophysicist Erika Hamden used her TED 2019 talk last week to share how her work has been characterized by setback after setback, it felt like a radical act.
“The challenges of reducing our urban air pollutants and national greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to a highly variable and changing climate are hugely important and affect all New Zealanders.”.
It gives you an idea of where things are at now.” Photo © Kris Millgate / www.tightlinemedia.com Trevor Bloom is one researcher very interested in what’s happening now. Photo © Kris Millgate / www.tightlinemedia.com Comparing those collections to modern-day observations is intriguing.
Thus the fire sucks in surface winds.Researchers are using supercomputers and lookout stations like this to model the dynamics of wildfires in real time. At Los Alamos National Laboratory, atmospheric scientist Alexandra Jonko is using a supercomputer and a system called FIRETEC to model fires in extreme detail.
In today's installment: A new Ralph and a new Rocky dominate the holiday; Disney's Lion King trailer feels the love; and a premiere date for The Walking Dead comes alive.King RalphThe five-day Thanksgiving weekend set a new box-office record, thanks to Disney's Ralph Breaks the Internet, which earned $84.5 million—or approximately 723,383 hearts—and Creed II, the Michael B.
“When it loses that gas, we can track it in the atmosphere.”So far, so simple: As climate change causes the ocean to heat up, the water releases O2 and CO2 into the atmosphere, which a handful of land-based sensors then detect (they’ve been doing so for decades, giving the researchers lots of data to play with).
Falls in the average tracking speeds of hurricanes and typhoons, attributed to global warming, put more lives at risk Research published in Nature earlier this year showed that the average speed at which tropical storms track has slowed down by 10% since 1949.
Although drought and overgrown forests are often blamed for major fires in the western United States, new research using unique NASA before-and-after data from a megafire site indicates that highly localized winds sometimes play a much larger role -- creating large, destructive fires even when regional winds are weak.
Dr Wendy Nelson, a principal scientist at NIWA Wellington, co-authored a paper that explores the potential of commercial seaweed farming in mitigating global carbon dioxide levels, a key greenhouse gas responsible for man-made climate change.
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